Technological advances have two competing effects on employment. Because it replaces work, it has a devastating effect. However, we can also attribute to him the effect of capitalization, since it increases the demand for new goods and services. With the advent of new jobs and industries. In a study of 1896, experts were asked to answer the question of whether, by 2025, automated applications, artificial intelligence and robots will destroy more jobs than they do not create it.
Half of these experts (48%) predict that robots and digital players will replace a significant number of workers and employees. Many fear that this situation exacerbates wage inequality, leads to a very large job loss and, consequently, leads to a social crisis. However, the other half of these experts expect that the technology will not replace more jobs than it will create by 2015. This group predicts that many of the jobs that people are now creating will be captured by robots, but believes that human ingenuity will create jobs, industries and income, as has been done since the start of the industrial revolution.
Classes with danger conducted a study to determine for 702 professions the likelihood that one day they will be automated. Based on these assessments, they studied the impact of future automation on the labor market. In addition, they calculated the number of jobs that can be automated, based on an analysis of scientific and technological progress in two main areas: machine learning (“machine learning”) and mobile robots. The likelihood that a given profession will be automated depends on three dimensions.
The first is the degree to which tasks are associated with perception and manipulation. Indeed, robots cannot yet compare with the magnitude of human perception. Although basic geometric identification is relatively advanced thanks to the rapid development of sophisticated sensors and lasers, robots still have difficulty completing more complex sensing tasks, such as identifying objects in an irregular field of view.
Secondly, the extent to which tasks require creative intelligence must be investigated. Creativity can be defined as the ability to present new and valuable ideas. Human values change over time and across cultures. Therefore, it is difficult in the program to code the reasons that make the idea worthwhile. The third and final factor takes into account the degree to which the task requires social intelligence. Social skills are important for many tasks, such as negotiation, strength of faith, and caring for others. Even simplified versions of typical social tasks seem complicated for computers. Using these three factors, the authors evaluated the likelihood that the profession could one day be automated. Based on the same method, she performed calculations for the Netherlands and for Belgium.
For example, she developed a more flexible surgical robot that can perform more movements and will soon be able to perform more operations. The big data provided by increasingly sophisticated sensors offers solutions for many of the problems that previously hindered the development of robots. The advent of detailed three-dimensional maps of road networks has enabled autonomous vehicle navigation.
A car without a driver is a great example. With these advanced sensors, robots can also produce better quality and more reliable products than humans. For example, some companies use robots to remove treadmill salads that do not meet prescribed standards (IFR, 2012).
Innovative approach to design: digital assistants, messaging services, health-trackers, cameras.
At the design stage, he develops models of screens with inscriptions in French or English and provides sequences, observing the principles of protecting user interfaces. The graphic charter and accessibility rules are taken into account. At the implementation stage, it encodes user interfaces using an object programming language. He establishes a connection with the database and formalizes search and update requests, trying not to introduce a vulnerability in the information system. It conducts unit tests with appropriate tools, with a dual functional approach and safety. This application is verified by users. He can write a technical design file and user documentation for the application. It installs or publishes the application with security in mind. He uses modeling tools to create screen models that take into account ergonomic requirements, such as a graphic charter. It has a built-in development environment for coding.